The Kirdi of North Central Africa
A cluster of 11 closely related groups in 3 countries.
The Fulbe are the dominant people group of the North Central African region. In the 1800's, the Kirdi (non-Fulbe) tribes fiercely resisted the Fulbe domination. During this period, they fled to the Mandara Mountains, hills, and isolated valleys, where they still live today.
The Fali, distinguished from other Kirdi tribes by their colorful clothing and glass beads, occupy the Mubi district of Nigeria. The Guduf and the Afade tribes live in northeastern Nigeria along the border of Chad. The Mousgouma are concentrated in the plains of southwestern Chad, primarily in the Bongor region. The remaining groups live in the hills and plains of northern Cameroon, where they are becoming more modernized.
What Are Their Lives Like?
A Kirdi man's work includes crafting leather, making baskets, spinning, weaving, and building. Women make clay objects, train the small children, prepare the meals, and do other household activities. A woman may also raise her own crops on a small plot of land. The profits earned from selling these crops belong to the woman. Children take care of the small animals and help their older siblings or parents do other household chores.
Traditionally, Kirdi houses were grouped into small village settlements by clan or lineage. The villages were clustered around mountain peaks that could not easily be accessed by outsiders. They were protected by mud-brick barriers that had been overgrown by thorn bushes. Today, their villages are composed of several round buildings made of mud-brick and thatched roofs. The buildings are connected to one another by woven straw fences or hedges. The buildings are positioned so that there is an open area in the center. Each home has a kitchen, an attic, and a room for the husband; the wife lives in a separate hut. Separate rooms are added to the house when the children reach puberty. Young males are given their own square huts, where they live until they are married.
Although polygamy (having multiple spouses) is permitted among the Kirdi, most men usually have only one wife. Marriages are almost always arranged by the parents; children do not choose their own mates. When an agreement is made, a bride-price is paid to the bride's parents and a new homestead is begun.
The Kirdi culture contains various arts, such as vocal and instrumental music. Some tribes, such as the Fali, are highly skilled musicians and singers. Their main musical instruments include whistles, flutes, horns, harps, and drums. These instruments are played during festivals and at special ceremonies.
Each clan's dwelling has its own "therapist-diviner" or medicine man. He benefits the community by supplying various medicines. He also serves as a mediator between the people and the spirits, and performs minor surgical operations. The medicine man is paid with modest gifts from the villagers.
What Are Their Beliefs?
The Kirdi believe that the Earth is the "mother goddess" who has birthed all other "supernatural" beings, including thunder and lightning, black snakes, crocodiles, and certain inanimate objects.
What Are Their Needs?
Additional laborers and evangelistic materials are needed. The Kirdi tribes must be told that the Creator is not an impersonal god, but rather a loving Savior who cares for them.Prayer Points
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Bethany World Prayer Center
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