The Dagomba of Ghana
The Dagomba are a large people group living in northern Ghana. Their kingdom, called Dagbon, was established centuries ago and dominated an area near the Dagomba capital of Yendi. Yendi was located east of the White Volta River and north of Tamale. In the 1600's, the Gonja people began to attack Dagbon from the west, pushing the Dagomba across the White Volta and forcing them to abandon their capital. Yendi was soon renamed Yendi Dabari which means "ruined Yendi."
By the end of the 1600's, however, the Dagomba pushed eastward, establishing a new capital for their kingdom (also called Yendi) and located east of Tamale near the border of Togo. In the early 1700's, the Dagomba rallied against the pressuring Gonja and succeeded in driving them back. Today, the Dagomba remain a powerful people. They speak Dagbani, which is a Gur language.
What Are Their Lives Like?
The Dogomba make their living primarily through farming. Much of the land of the Dagbon is infertile and requires that a farm be left fallow for up to five years; therefore, Dagomba villages are somewhat small, leaving room for farms to be widely separated. Farmers use much fertilizer from the manure of the village cattle, and eventually the soil does become quite fertile, enabling the farms to be used year-round. However, farms located in the bush are used only for two or three years and then are left fallow. Since yams are the specialty crop, the Dagomba plant over 32 varieties. Farmers also grow crops such as maize, millet, rice, peanuts, and beans.
The Dagomba are not only skillful farmers, but also are fishermen and hunters, and some even engage in administrative and managerial work. Dagomba craftsmen are skilled tailors, traders, and makers of ropes and mats. Some also specialize as blacksmiths, butchers, and barbers. Parents send their young sons to be trained by these craftsmen. Through observation and practice, a boy will gradually learn a trade and assume his role in the new occupation.
In Dagomba society, villagers arrange their houses in a particular order. The chief (eldest man in the village) locates his dome-shaped hut in the center. His hut stands out above the rest. The village is divided into wards or quarters, all facing the chief's home. A quarter is identified by its head or by its dominating specialist group. For example, there may be a soldiers' quarter or a butchers' quarter. The commoners are scattered throughout the village in round or rectangular huts (for female and male, respectively); there is no physical separation of the commoners from the ruling class.
Drummers play an important role in the village, for they not only are musicians, but also are court historians. They must learn and retain much information. In most cases, a drummer's son follows in his father's footsteps, becoming a drummer and learning from his father the origin of the people and their kingdom.
What Are Their Beliefs?
Although almost half of the Dagomba follow the Islamic faith, many also believe in and worship additional spirits and gods.
Each village sacrifices to its individual ancestral gods and the entire society collectively worships the more powerful gods. The Dagomba also practice witchcraft and consult diviners to rid themselves of curses.
The Dagomba honor their ancestors with a pagan festival called Bugun, which means "fire" or "hell." The celebration begins with a great feast and culminates when the people gather together with lighted torches near a tree outside the community. There they recite the names of their ancestors and throw their torches into the tree.
What Are Their Needs?
Some Christian resources are available to the Dagomba, and missions agencies are currently working among them. The
Dagomba's minimal response to Christianity, however, shows that Christians need to pray and intercede for the people to yield their hearts to the power of the Gospel.
- Pray that God will use the Dagomba believers to share the love of Jesus with their own people.
- Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are laboring among the Dagomba.
- Ask the Lord to raise up additional laborers to go into Ghana and work among these people.
- Pray that God will reveal Himself to the Dagomba through dreams and visions.
- Pray that God will open the hearts of the Dagomba leaders to receive the Gospel.
- Take authority over the principalities and powers that are keeping the Dagomba bound.
- Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
- Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Dagomba by the year 2000.
Latest estimates from the World Evangelization Research Center.
- People name: Dagomba
- Country: Ghana
- Their language: Dagbani
- Largest religion:
- Christians: 3%
- Church members: 17,018
- Scriptures in their own language: New Testament
- Jesus Film in their own language: None
- Christian broadcasts in their own language: Available
- Mission agencies working among this people: 8
- Persons who have heard the Gospel: 221,200 (39%)
- Persons who have never heard the Gospel: 346,100 (61%)
- Country: Ghana
- Major peoples in size order:
- Major religions:
- Number of denominations:
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Bethany World Prayer Center
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