The Zayse of Ethiopia
Ethiopia is home to approximately 142 distinct ethnic groups. Racial and linguistic mixing has long been a part of the culture, resulting in a rich, varied ethnic composition. The 20,000 Zayse are one of the smaller tribes, representing only 0.5% of the population. The Zayse live in southern Ethiopia, in the area west of Lake Chamo.
About 80% of the inhabitants of Ethiopia support themselves through subsistence agriculture, barely growing enough to survive. As a result, the bulk of the population lives in the central plateau region, where agricultural resources are most developed.
Ethiopia was one of the first Christian nations, having been introduced to Christianity in the fourth century. Today, nearly 59% of the population is Christian. Nevertheless, the peoples living in the southern and western parts of the country (including the Zayse) have remained relatively untouched by the Gospel.
What Are Their Lives Like
Little is known about the Zayse in particular; however, it is assumed that their lifestyle is similar to that of other groups in the area. The Zayse base their economy on a balance between agriculture and herding. Although they seem somewhat indifferent to farming, crops and livestock are probably of equal importance. During the dry season, the Zayse also engage in some fishing to supplement their diets.
The typical Zayse dwelling, called a tukal, is a circular hut made of acacia branches covered with grass mats. The cone-shaped roof has an opening to allow smoke to escape. Their staple diet includes durra (a cereal grain), maize, beans, rice, milk, meat, and wild fruits. Coffee and tea are both popular beverages.
The Zayse family is headed by an authoritarian father who has the right to total obedience. Men usually have only one wife, and children are considered a necessity. The more children a Zayse man has, the greater his prestige.
Attaining warrior status is an important aspect of Zayse culture. Boys are taught to use spears and begin training to become warriors at an early age. Traditionally, men ready to marry were expected to present to their brides part of a man whom they had killed. This act was part of becoming a full-fledged adult, as well as part of certain festivals. Although the tradition survives, wild animals are now used instead of humans.
A basic value of the Zayse is tokuma, which is identification with the group. Cooperation is central to this system, especially in work arrangements. The Zayse have a reputation for being easygoing and sociable. They value hospitality and almsgiving, but more to relatives and friends than to strangers.
What Are Their Belief?
The vast majority of the Zayse are animistic; that is, they believe that living things and inanimate objects have a soul or spirit. In southern Ethiopia, the pagan beliefs, rituals, and dances vary slightly with each tribe. However, all groups worship a supreme, masculine sky god, whom they view as being remote and inaccessible. They also believe in the existence of zar, or spirits that live near water and in other places. It is also believed the zar may possess people.
Rituals for naming Zayse children are usually not held until months or even years after birth. The most important ceremony in the life of a Zayse man occurs after his first daughter reaches adolescence. This marks his passage to the prestigious status of ma gudoha, or "big man."
What Are Their Needs?
The barren area in which the Zayse live suffers from a serious water shortage. Although other groups have received help in combating this problem, the Zayse feel that they have been neglected. Christian agricultural and environmental workers could perhaps minister the love of Jesus to the Zayse through this avenue.
Spiritually, the Zayse show some response to the Gospel, with 2% being Christian. However, they must read the Bible in Amharic and translate it into Zayse, as they lack an interpretation in their native tongue. Bible translation and increased missions efforts are essential if the fledgling Church is to grow.
- Ask the Lord to burden the hearts of Ethiopian Christians to share the Gospel with the Zayse.
- Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the missions agencies that are targeting the Zayse.
- Pray that the Jesus film and other evangelistic materials will be made available to the Zayse.
- Ask the Lord to raise up qualified linguists to translate the Bible into the Zayse language.
- Pray that God will give the Zayse believers many opportunities to share Christ with their families and friends.
- Take authority over the spiritual principalities and powers that have kept the Zayse bound for many generations.
- Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
- Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Zayse church for the glory of His name!
Latest estimates from the World Evangelization Research Center.
- People name: Zayse
- Country: EthiopiZayse (Malo)
- Largest religion:
- Christian: 2%
- Church members: 545
- Scriptures in their own language: None
- Jesus Film in their own language: None
- Christian broadcasts in their own language: None
- Mission agencies working among this people: 2
- Persons who have heard the Gospel: 6,300 (24%)
- Persons who have never heard the Gospel: 21,000 (76%)
- Country: Ethiopia
- Major peoples in size order:
- Major religions:
- Number of denominations: 29
© Copyright 1997
Bethany World Prayer Center
This profile may be copied and distributed without obtaining permission
as long as it is not altered, bound, published
or used for profit purposes.