The Cambodian of Laos
The great Khmer Empire, which flourished between the ninth and thirteenth centuries, encompassed present-day Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and southern Vietnam. Its power declined when the Thai and Vietnamese conquered the Khmer and restricted them to the area that now known as Cambodia.
In 1970, Cambodia became "the killing fields" of the Vietnam War. Thousands fled to Thailand and Laos in hopes of finding a more peaceful climate. Unfortunately, Laos has also had many invasions, as well as a series of land wars. It was also the object of political competition between Vietnam, Russia, and China.
What Are Their Lives Like? In 1975, the Khmer Rouge regime nearly destroyed Cambodia. To depopulate the cities, three million people were forced into the countryside to do slave labor. Widespread starvation led to the deaths of over one million people in the name of "the ideal of rural social reform." The people either fled north into Thailand, or took the "trail of tears" into Communist Laos where they did not find the sanctuary they sought. Instead, they struggled to find clothing, shelter, medical resources, and food.
Most Cambodian in Laos inhabit small villages. There, they grow rice in irrigated paddies. The villagers commonly use red and white checkered cloth to make everything from headdresses to "pouches" for carrying babies.
More men than women were killed between 1975 and 1979, creating a skewed sex ratio among the Cambodian. Today, mostly widows and remain, requiring many women to perform the duties that once belonged to the men.
The Cambodian have a simple social structure. Each village has its own chief, and there is no political structure beyond the village. The village chief is the link between the people and the central government. Village leadership is usually divided; the chief has authority in secular matters, while the Buddhist monk has authority in religious issues. The Buddhist Wat, or temple, is the center of village life, and Buddhist rules of conduct are used to maintain social control. These "rules of conduct" include abstaining from lying, stealing, drinking alcoholic beverages, committing adultery, and killing living creatures.
The Cambodian have acquired the languages and cultures of their Laotian neighbors. Ancient Khmer influences on the Lao are strong as well, giving the two groups a common ancestral bond; yet the Lao see the Cambodian as a lower class. Traditional Khmer music reflects a tie to Indonesia. Folk dancing and the classical royal ballet are also popular.
What Are Their Beliefs?
Due to Buddhist influence, the Cambodian also seek the middle path to nirvana, or ultimate peace through gaining "merit" in this life. Merit may be gained through supporting the construction of new Buddhist temples, giving food to Buddhist monks, and studying in the monastery. Peasant boys often became monks in order to gain an education in the Buddhist monasteries.
What Are Their Needs?
Latest estimates from the World Evangelization Research Center.
© Copyright 1997
Bethany World Prayer Center
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